In 305-304 he defended the Rhodians against Demetrius Poliorcetes, forcing the latter to raise the siege--hence, the title "Savior." For the first 7 years of his reign his mother Cleopatra acted as queen-regent, and peace was maintained with Syria till 173 BC. The Origins of the Septuagint The very first translation of the Hebrew Bible was made into Greek, probably as early as the third century BC. Paracletus in the Greek, Proud member Which Kinds of Games Existed in the Time Those of interest to the Biblical student are: (1) Ptolemy I, surnamed Soter, (Soter, "Savior"), called also Ptolemy Lagi, was born circa 366 BC, the son of Lagus and Arsinoe, a concubine of Philip of Macedon. Philometor's brother was now proclaimed king by the Alexandrians, with the title of Euergetes (II). xxxviii.8). Does the Bible teach that the Earth is the center of the universe?" Daniel 11:25-30 refers to the events of this reign. The Egyptian king espoused the cause of the former, to whom he also betrothed his daughter Cleopatra. Some authorities refer the persecutions mentioned in 3 Maccabees to this reign, but most modern authorities are disposed to date them in the reign of the anti-Jewish Ptolemy IV Philopator. (8) Ptolemy VII (VIII), surnamed Euergetes (II) and called also Physcon (Phuskon, "Big-paunch"), became sole ruler in succession to his brother Philometor (or to his murdered nephew) in 146 BC, and reigned till 117 BC. He was prominent among the officers of Alexander the Great, whom he accompanied in his eastern campaigns. of Jesus? Syria and Bible Prophecy, hero of the events described in Daniel 11:11-12. Alexander, Alexander the Great, Alexander the Coppersmith, Ptolemy II and the Septuagint Ptolemy II Philadelphus was the second king of Egypt under Greek rule. 367–282 bc), also known as Lagides, was the son of Lagus, a Macedonian general, and Arsinoe, who may have been a concubine of King Philip II of … The founder and first king of a Greek-speaking dynasty that ruled over Egypt after the death of Alexander the Great until it was annexed by Rome in 30 bc.Ptolemy (ca. Naves Topical Bible Alexander at his death, in a simplistic explanation, had four successors, the one who acquired Egypt was named Ptolemy, the very one who Alexander had given his daughter to. Taking advantage of the king's minority, Antiochus the Great leagued with Philip of Macedon against Egypt. This displeased Antiochus, who marched against Alexandria, but was stopped beneath the walls by a Roman embassy (168 BC), in obedience to which he withdrew. As long as they fulfilled these requirements Ptolemy lets them do as they pleased. Antiochus V, king of Syria, came in the scene … Philometor was later drawn into Syrian politics in the conflict between Alexander Balas and Demetrius. He brought back with him from the East the Egyptian gods that Cambyses had carried away 300 years before, thus earning from the Egyptians the title of "Benefactor." (3) Ptolemy, the father of Lysimachus (Apocrypha) (Additions to Esther 11:1). King of Egypt from 222 to 205 B.C. (1) Ptolemy Macron. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. The Jewish-Alexandrine philosopher Aristobulus probably lived in this reign. Ptolemy was the most famous astronomer of Classical antiquity. Along with all his forces, and accompanied by his sister Arsinoë, he set out for the region of Raphia where Antiochus' troops had set up camp. An Egyptian dynasty of Macedonian kings . The Romans seated him again on his throne, assigning Cyrenaica to Euergetes. Answer: This is a very important question because the answer helps to shape our belief system and worldview, both of which have eternal consequences. His kind treatment of them induced others to leave Syria for Egypt. Matthew Henry Bible Commentary Ptolemy's model envisioned each planet moving in a small circle, the center of which moved along a large circular orbit about the earth. Euergetes was, however, prevented from reaping the fruits of his victories by being recalled by internal troubles in Egypt. Ptolemy was pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt from 305/304 BC to his death. He was a boyhood friend of Alexander the Great at Pella, and later became one of his most trusted generals as well as a member of his royal bodyguards. Ptolemy Philopator, his eldest son, who succeeded him, was to the last degree sensual, effeminate and debased. They assembled to translate the Hebrew Old Testament into the Greek language because Koine Greek began to supplant Hebrew as the language most commonly spoken by the Jewish people during the Hellenistic Period . But externally his kingdom retained its power and splendor and when circumstances forced him to action. (3) Ptolemy III, surnamed Euergetes (Euergetes, "Benefactor"), son of Philadelphus, whom he succeeded in 247 BC. The origin of Serapis worship is rooted in political expediency. The Ptolemies, who originally came from Macedonia, were some of the most intriguing families in history. The Conquest of Persia 334 Battle of Granicus 334-3 Conquest of Lycia, Pamphylia and Western Pisidia 333 Conquest of Cilicia, Battle of Issus 332 Siege and capture of Tyre; conquest of Egypt 331 Foundation of Alexandria; submission of Cyrene; settlement of Syria; Battle of Gaugamela; occupation of Babylon, Susa and Persepolis 330 At Ecbatana (Darius dies) 328 Conquest of Bactria and Sogdiana 327 Invasion of India 324 Returns to Susa 323 Alexander dies at Babylon Some creationists believe that the scientific assault on theBible did not begin with biological evolution, but with the acceptance ofthe heliocentric (or more properly, geokinetic) theory centuries ago. Ptolemy I (Soter) 323-282 BC; Judean coins "YHD" coins in the early Ptolemaic empire (Egypt): "Coins 29-30: These coins too, on one side of which is seen a youthful male head and on the other an eagle, lack the characteristics of the Persian period. Tree Psalm 92:12, David and Goliath, How Tall Was Goliath, Archaeological Discoveries and Goliath, Daniel 11:14-17 is to be interpreted as referring to the relations between Ptolemy V and Antiochus III, "the Great.". Some regard this king as the Euergetes mentioned in the Prologue to Sir, but the reference must rather be to Euergetes II (Ptolemy VII). Antiochus the Great of Syria declared war against Egypt about 219 BC, but, after conquering Coele-Syria and Phoenicia, he was defeated by Philopator at the battle of Raphia near Gaza (217 BC). Like his father, he was actively engaged in two Syrian wars until peace was made about 250 BC, Berenice, the daughter of Philadelphus, being given in marriage to Antiochus II. Related Bible History Trees, Bible Study about the Palm Tree, The Righteous Will Flourish like a Palm This Ptolemy shares with his son and successor the honor of rounding the famous Alexandrian Museum and Library. He served not only as king of Egypt but also the founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty, a dynasty which included the infamous Cleopatra VII. (“savior”). (4) Ptolemy, son of a Dositheus; … The Bible and Palm His reign being so brief he need hardly be numbered among the Ptolemies.). A long list of Ptolemies will be found, e.g. See MACRON. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. He was born on the island of Kos in 309/308 BC, during his father's invasion of the Aegean in the Fourth Diadoch War. (6) Ptolemy VI, surnamed Philometor (Philometor, "Fond of his mother"), eider son of Ptolemy V whom he succeeded in 182 (181) BC. He devoted great attention to the internal administration of his kingdom, endowed the Museum and Alexandrian Library in which his father had taken much interest; in general he followed his father's example as a liberal patron of art, science and literature. history of Thyatira, Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. 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