It described the Church's beautiful role as mother of the faithful, but also her awesome duty as teacher of mankind. In 1961, the year of the promulgation of Mater et Magistra, U.S. agriculture produced 3.6 billion bushels of corn, 1.2 billion bushels of wheat, and 679 million bushels of soybeans. The Mater et Magistra dispute led to many ironic consequences. Mater si, magistra no (literally "Mother yes, teacher no") is a macaronic phrase that means Catholics need not follow all the teachings of the Catholic Church, particularly in regard to economic justice or the rights of workers.It was originally in direct response to the papal encyclical Mater et Magistra of 1961, as a reference to the then-current anti-Castro slogan, "Cuba sí, Castro no." In the encyclical he applied the teachings of Jesus to so very specific issues. In Mater et Magistra Pope John XXIII stressed how much the admittance to responsibility is a basic demand of man's nature, a concrete exercise of his freedom and a path to his development, and he showed how, in economic life and particularly in enterprise, this sharing in responsibilities should be ensured. In his writings he himself set about reading the hopeful and concerning signs of his time. Before saying what this means to us today, let me back up almost forty years. “Mater et Magistra” – Live Broadcast every Monday Night, from 8-9PM “Glories of Mary” – Live Broadcast Every Thursday Evening, from 8-9PM; Search for: Marian Reflection Celebrating the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary. "Mater et Magistra" (Mother and Teacher) is an encyclical written by Pope John XXIII, which was promulgated on 15 May 1961. Since the writings on economics by previous Popes, the world had seen tremendous changes such as the discovery of nuclear energy, advanced communications, and political independence movements. St. Anne, St. Joachim, and Mary (Public Domain) Note on Financing and Development in view of the Conference promoted by the United Nations General Assembly in Doha (18 November 2008) It was a remarkable period of productivity following the post-war years of development and prosperity. In 1961 Pope John XXIII wrote an encyclical called Mater et Magistra. Encyclical Letter Mater et magistra, Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2011 A New International Finance Pact. Full text: Mater et Magistra (Christianity and Social Progress) by Pope John XXIII, 1961 Education for Justice resources: Reflection: Mater et Magistra (Christianity and Social Progress) In Mater et Magistra, Pope John XXIII picked up Pius XII’s expression the ‘signs of the times’ and used the phrase to call the church to renewal in its own life and in its involvement in the world by ‘reading the signs of the times’. MATER ET MAGISTRA An encyclical letter dealing with Christian teaching on modern social questions, addressed by John XXIII on May 15, 1961, to all members of the hierarchy, clergy, and laity of the entire Catholic world. Notable quotations from the papal encyclical Mater et Magistra (Mother and Teacher) Pope John XXIII, 1961. Although not officially published until July of the same year, it was dated May 15, to commemorate the 70th anniversary of rerum novarum. Mater Et Magistra explores the role the Church in efforts to acheive social progress and justice in the world. 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